File Sharing, Remixing and the Hydra

The development of Web 2.0 has increased remix culture, illustrated by that of Reddit, 4Chan (Pepe the Frog) and Facebook, such culture isn’t exclusive to digital spheres with art recycling across history. However the legal framework allows anyone that remixes content liable for lawsuit. Fleischer argues that following the 21st century copyright law has developed towards regulation of access to tools. The issue arises in distinction with media now distributed through a singular medium, with the traditional radio station now considered as a streaming service and Fleischer stating the only difference is end-users software configuration allowing for ‘save file.’

While copyright, civil and criminal law aim to regulate access to this information (Megaupload Case, Pirate Bay, Silk Road, Silk Road 2.0, Diabolus Market) Biddle et al. argue that as long as individuals want to share knowledge, such distribution will remain (darkweb), through small cryptic or non-digital networks (illustrated below) regardless of law. With Web 2.0 putting power into produsers hands, the ancient myth of the Hydra now has relevance in an ever growing digital world.  

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